Reading: Foundational Skills
Reading Standards: Foundational Skills (K–5)
standards are directed toward fostering students’ understanding and
working knowledge of concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and
other basic conventions of the English writing system.
foundational skills are not an end in and of themselves; rather, they
are necessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive
reading program designed to develop proficient readers with the capacity
to comprehend texts across a range of types and disciplines.
Instruction should be differentiated: good readers will need much less
practice with these concepts than struggling readers will.
point is to teach students what they need to learn and not what they
already know—to discern when particular children or activities warrant
more or less attention.