Third Grade Social Studies Scope and Sequence

  • Grade 3: Communities around the World

     

    In “Communities around the World” students learn about communities around the globe and global citizenship. Students bring with them knowledge about their community. In this course, students make comparisons across time and space, examining different communities and their cultures. Culture includes social organization, customs and traditions, language, arts and literature, religion, forms of government, and economic systems. Students are introduced to the concepts of prejudice, discrimination and human rights, as well as social action. Teachers select at least three communities that may reflect the diversity of their local community for extensive study. These communities represent different regions of the world, types of communities (urban, suburban, and rural), and governmental structures.

     

    The key ideas, conceptual understandings, and content specifications guide the study of communities while exploring the major themes of social studies. The various world communities, key ideas and the social studies practices may be presented in any order.

     

    Geography, Humans, and the Environment

     

    3.1 Geographic regions have unifying characteristics and can be studied using a variety of tools.

    3.1a Earth is comprised of water and large land masses that can be divided into distinct regions.

    Ø  Students will identify the continents and oceans using globes and maps.

    Ø  Students will locate the selected world communities in relation to oceans and continents.

    3.1b Globes, maps, photographs, and satellite images contain geographic information. Maps often have a title, legend or key, compass orientation, author, date, grid, and scale.

    Ø  Students will identify the differences between a globe and a map.

    Ø  Students will examine a variety of maps for at least two of the selected world communities looking for structural features of the map such as title, legend or key, compass orientation, author, date, grid, and scale. These should include political, physical, vegetation, and resource maps. A variety of scale should be represented (e.g., continent vs. country, country vs. city).

    Ø  Students will compare geographic information found in photographs and satellite images with other representations of the same area and identify differences for at least one of the selected world communities

     

    3.2 The location of world communities can be described using geographic tools and vocabulary.

    3.2a World communities can be located on globes and maps.

    Ø  Students will examine where each selected world community is located.

    3.2b World communities can be located in relation to each other and to principle parallels and meridians.

    Ø  Students will examine the location of each selected world community relative to the United States and other selected world communities. Students will locate each selected world community in relationship to principal parallels (equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle, and Antarctic Circle) and meridians (Prime Meridian) using cardinal and intermediate directions.

     

    3.3 Geographic factors often influence where people settle and form communities. People adapt to and modify their environment in different ways to meet their needs.

    3.3a Geographic factors influence where people settle and their lifestyle. Some factors are more suitable for settlement while others act as a deterrent.

    Ø  Students will examine the geographic factors of each selected world community including physical features and climate, noting how certain factors are likely to support settlement and larger populations.

    Ø  Students will investigate the lifestyle of the people who live in each selected world community and how the lifestyle has been influenced by the geographic factors.

     

    3.3b People make adaptations and modifications to the environment. Advancements in science, technology, and industry can bring about modifications to the environment and can have unintended consequences on the environment. People have attempted to take actions to protect the environment.

    Ø  Students will examine how each selected world community has adapted to and/or modified its

    environment to meet its needs.

    Ø  Students will investigate how human activities and the use of technology have altered the environment bringing about unintended consequences for each of the selected world communities and their own community.

    Ø  Students will explore actions that are being taken to protect the environment in the selected world

    communities and in their own community.

     

    Time, Continuity, and Change

    3.4 Each community or culture has a unique history, including heroic figures, traditions, and holidays.

    3.4a People in world communities use legends, folktales, oral histories, biographies, and historical narratives to transmit cultural histories from one generation to the next.

    Ø  Students will examine legends, folktales, oral histories, biographies, and historical narratives to learn about the important individuals and events of each selected world community.

    Ø  Students will examine symbols of each selected world community.

    3.4b Arts, music, dance, and literature develop through a community’s history.

    Ø  Students will explore the arts, music, dance, and literature for each selected world community.

     

    Development, Movement, and Interaction of Cultures

    3.5 Communities share cultural similarities and differences across the world.

    3.5a The structure and activities of families and schools share similarities and differences across  world communities.

    Ø  Students will compare and contrast the structure and activities of families and schools in each selected community with their own.

    3.5b Communities around the world can be diverse in terms of their members, languages spoken, customs and traditions, and religious beliefs and practices. People in world communities celebrate various holidays and festivals.

    Ø  Students will examine each selected world community in terms of its members, languages spoken, customs and traditions, and religious beliefs and practices.

    Ø  Students will learn about the holidays and festivals celebrated in each selected world community and compare them to the holidays and festivals celebrated in their own community.

     

    3.6 Communities from around the world interact with other people and communities and exchange cultural ideas and practices.

    3.6a Cultural diffusion is the process by which cultures exchange and transmit ideas, beliefs, technologies, and goods over time.

    Ø  Students will examine people, goods, and ideas that have diffused from other communities into each selected world community and the impact of the people, goods, and ideas on these communities.

    Ø  Students will examine people, goods, and ideas from each selected world community that have diffused into other communities and their impact on those communities.

     

    Civic Ideals and Practices

     

    3.7 Governments in communities and countries around the world have the authority to make and the power to enforce laws. The role of the citizen within these communities or countries varies across different types of governments.

    3.7a The United States government is based on democratic principles. The fundamental principles of other governments may be similar to or different from those of the United States government.

    Ø  Students will examine what type of government is found in each selected world community and

    compare and contrast it with United States government as well as other selected world communities.

    3.7b The process of selecting leaders, solving problems, and making decisions differs across governments in nations and communities around the world.

    Ø  Students will examine different processes of selecting leaders, solving problems, and making decisions in nations and communities and compare and contrast them to the process used in the United States.

    3.7c Different governments have different ways of maintaining order and keeping people safe. This includes making rules and laws and enforcing these rules and laws.

    Ø  Students will examine how the government maintains order, keeps people safe, and makes and enforces rules and laws in each selected world community and compare and contrast it with the process in the United States as well as other selected world communities.

    3.7d The definition of citizenship and the role of the citizen vary across different types of political   systems, and citizens play a greater role in the political process in some countries than in others.

    Ø  Students will examine the role of the citizen in each selected world community and how this role is similar to or different from the role a citizen plays in the United States as well as other selected world communities.

     

    3.8 The concept of universal human rights suggests that all people should be treated fairly and should have the opportunity to meet their basic needs.

    3.8a Across global communities, governments and citizens alike have a responsibility to protect human rights and to treat others fairly.

    Ø  Students will examine the extent to which governments and citizens have protected human rights and treated others fairly for each world community.

    3.8b Across time and place, communities and cultures have struggled with prejudice and discrimination as barriers to justice and equality for all people.

    Ø  Students will examine prejudice and discrimination and how they serve as barriers to justice and

    equality for all people.

     

    3.8c When faced with prejudice and discrimination, people can take steps to support social action and change.

    Ø  Students will investigate steps people can take to support social action and change.

     

    Creation, Expansion, and Interaction of Economic Systems

    3.9 Communities meet their needs and wants in a variety of ways, forming the basis for their economy.

    3.9a World communities use human and natural resources in different ways.

    Ø  Students will investigate available resources for each selected world community and how these

    resources are used to meet basic needs and wants.

    Ø  Students will explore the concepts of surplus and scarcity in relation to resources for each selected world community.

    3.9b People in communities have various ways of meeting their basic needs and earning a living.

    Ø  Students will investigate how each selected world community meets its basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter, and compare that to their own community.

    Ø  Students will examine the various ways people earn a living and how this has changed, if at all, over time in each selected world community.

     

    3.10 Each community develops an economic system that addresses three questions: what will be produced, how will it be produced, and who will get what is produced?

    3.10a Communities around the world produce goods and provide services.

    Ø  Students will determine what goods are produced and services are provided in each selected world community.

    Ø  Students will examine how the goods are produced within each selected world community.

    Ø  Students will investigate who receives the goods that are produced in each selected world community.

    3.10b World communities have needs, wants, and limited resources. To meet their needs and wants communities trade with others. Technological developments in transportation and communication have influenced trade.

    Ø  Students will examine each selected world community in terms of what products and/or services it exports to other communities.

    Ø  Students will examine each selected world community in terms of what products and/or services it imports from other communities.

    Ø  Students will explore the basic economic concepts of supply and demand and how they influence prices and trade.

    Ø  Students will examine how technological developments in transportation and communication have influenced trade over time.